KwaZulu-Natal Museum (KZNM)

Área de identidad

Identificador

Forma autorizada del nombre

KwaZulu-Natal Museum (KZNM)

Forma(s) paralela(s) de nombre

Otra(s) forma(s) de nombre

Tipo

  • Nacional

Área de contacto

Tipo

Dirección

Dirección (calle)

237 Jabu Ndlovu Street

Localidad

Pietermaritzburg

Región

KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Nombre del país

Código postal

3021

Teléfono

+27 33 345 1401

Fax

+27 33 345 0561

Correo electrónico

Notas

Área de descripción

Historia

[Source – Chloe Rushovich for FHYA , 2018, using a ‘Natal Museum’s Archaeological Collections: A History’, written by Valerie Ward and the KwaZulu-Natal Museum website: The KwaZulu-Natal Museum in Pietermaritzburg first opened to the public in November 1904, and was then known as the Natal Government Museum. In 1948 the older natural history departments of the museum were joined by the humanities departments of archaeology, cultural history, and ethno-archaeology. Divisions between these three departments were often blurred, with archaeology becoming the department studying precolonial history while cultural history dealt with later European and ‘Zulu’ history and materials. Ethno-archaeology looked at contemporary ‘Zulu people’ in an effort to understand their past. Prior to 1951 all cultural material was accessioned in one accession register. Sometime in the late 1980s or early 1990s, the Department of Ethno-Archaeology was subsumed into the Department of Archaeology. Currently the Museum has separate Archaeological Collections and Anthropological Collections.

The Archaeological Collections include an Early Stone Age collection gathered mainly by the late Professor Oliver Davies; Middle Stone Age material consisting mostly of surface artefacts; a Later Stone Age collection generated principally from excavations, especially those by Aron Mazel in the Thukela Basin; the Bushman Rock Art archive; an Early Iron Age collection, which includes excavated material and data from six key sites; a Late Iron Age collection, which includes material derived from excavations, examples of Iron Age rock engravings and photographs, and copies of rock engravings; sixteenth-century Portuguese shipwreck material, which specifically includes material from the São João (1552, Port Edward), the São Bento (1554, Msikaba river mouth) and the Santiago (1585, Bassas da India, Mozambique Channel); and a limited collection of Roman and classical artefacts.

The Anthropological Collections encompass beadwork, woodcarvings, ceramics, and weaponry mostly from the KZN region. There is a small collection of nineteenth-century items associated with Zulu royalty, viz. ceramic vessels and four strings of wooden beads, iziqu, apparently awarded for valour in battle. A well-documented assemblage of headrests, milk pails and meat platters from Msinga in KwaZulu-Natal makes up the Jolles Collection, gathered by museum research associate Professor Frank Jolles in the 1990s. The Musuem also has a well-documented collection of Southern Sotho material culture, including an assemblage of 30 rare Southern Sotho ceramic pieces dating to the early 1900s; a collection of West African material culture, including a set of Ashanti gold weights from Ghana, and woodcarvings such as masks; African textile collection from beyond the provincial borders; colonial Victoriana of KwaZulu-Natal, which formed the basis of the exhibits portraying aspects of life in Victorian Pietermaritzburg.items and weaponry relating to the Anglo-Zulu War;the Amandla Collection of material associated with the anti-apartheid struggle (banners, T-shirts, caps, buttons, and documents); video recording and film of "living culture" (rituals, dances, oral data etc).]

Contexto geográfico y cultural

Mandatos/Fuentes de autoridad

Estructura administrativa

Administración de registros y políticas de recolección

Edificios

Fondos

Instrumentos de descripción, guías y publicaciones

Área de acceso

Horario de apertura

Condiciones de acceso y requisitos

Accesibilidad

Área de servicios

Servicios para la investigación

Servicios de reproducción

Áreas públicas

Área de control

Identificador de la descripción

Identificador de la institución

Reglas y/o convenciones usadas

Estado de elaboración

Nivel de detalle

Fechas de creación, revisión o eliminación

Idioma(s)

Escritura(s)

Fuentes

Notas de mantención

Puntos de acceso

Puntos de acceso

  • Portapapeles

Contacto principal

237 Jabu Ndlovu Street
Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa 3021