Item - Perspective drawing of uMgungundlovu

Open original Digital object

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Perspective drawing of uMgungundlovu

General material designation

  • Textual record

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Chloe Rushovich for FHYA using Frans and Hester Roodt's materials

Level of description


Reference code

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


Physical description area

Physical description

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Custodial history

Scope and content

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition


Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Creative Commons License: CC BY-NC-ND

Unless otherwise stated the copyright of all material on the FHYA resides with the contributing institution/custodian.

Finding aids

Associated materials

Related materials


General note

Attributions and conjectures

[Source - Frans Roodt for FHYA, 2020: Frans Roodt directed Hester Roodt (nee Lewis) to do this landscape drawing in 1989. The image is an early attempt to compose a perspective drawing of uMgungundlovu. It is based on an aerial photo, taken at about a 30-degree angle from a light aircraft flying over the site, providing a view from north to south. The size is based on the archaeological site plan.The hills in the background are realistic. The internal layout was further based on the sketch by James Stuart (published in Stuart, J & McMalcolm, D. (Eds) 1969. The diary of Henry Fancis Fynn. Pietermaritzburg. Shuter and Shooter).

In retrospect, the hut numbers are probably over exaggerated. The total hut numbers range from:

  • 1100 huts according to Captain Allen Gardiner (Gardiner, AF. 1966. Narrative of a
    Journey to the Zulu Country in South Africa. Cape Town. C. Struik);
  • 1700 huts according to Piet Retief during his first visit to Mgungundlovu in 1837 (The
    Grahamstown Journal: 1837.12.28:3); and
  • 2500 huts were estimated by Joseph Kirkman, interpreter assigned to the Reverend
    George Champion while at Mgungundlovu.

(Also see Lawton, J. 1959. Plan of Dingaan’s hut groups and reconstruction of
Dingaan’s hut, Dingaan’s Kraal. Unpublished report to the National Monuments

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Control area

Description record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules or conventions


Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language of description

Script of description


Digital object (Master) rights area

Digital object (Reference) rights area

Digital object (Thumbnail) rights area

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related places

Related genres